Intimate Partner Violence [1]

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is “physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner.”

A partner could be a boyfriend, girlfriend, spouse, etc.

“This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy.”

Intimate Partner Violence can also be known as Domestic Violence.

An intimate partnership involves [2]:

  • Emotional closeness

  • Regular contact

  • Ongoing physical/sexual contact

  • The pair identifies themselves as a couple

  • Knowledge of/familiarity with the other’s life

The main types of intimate partner violence are [2]:

  • Sexual violence: rape, coercion and/or unwanted sexual interactions

  • Stalking: harassment or threats that make the victim feel unsafe

  • Physical violence: any kind of non-sexual acts of violence including hitting, choking, or threatening with weapons

  • Psychological aggression: name calling, insults, humiliation and/or coercion that is used to try to control or threaten the victim
     

These forms of violence can happen once, a few times, or repeatedly over time.

Sources:

[1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Intimate Partner Violence.” 2018.

https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/index.html.
[2] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Intimate Partner Violence: Definitions.” 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/definitions.html.

Video Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. “What is Intimate Partner Violence?” 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuMCzU54334.

Resources

Child Abuse [3-6]

Child abuse is when any adult causes harm to a child physically, emotionally or sexually.

Neglect is also a form of child abuse. Neglect means failing to protect a child from harm or not providing for the child's needs.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful, negative encounters that happen to a child.

ACEs can affect a person for the rest of their life and may lead to risky behaviors, chronic health problems, and early death.

"Safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments are essential... to assure all children reach their full potential."

Sources:

[3] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Child Abuse and Neglect: Definitions.” 2018.

https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childabuseandneglect/definitions.html.
[4] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “About Adverse Childhood Experiences.” 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childabuseandneglect/acestudy/aboutace.html

[5] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Essentials for Childhood Framework: Creating Safe, Stable, Nurturing Relationships and
Environments for All Children." 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childabuseandneglect/essentials.html. 

[6] MedlinePlus. "Child Abuse." 2017. https://medlineplus.gov/childabuse.html.

Video Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. “What are Child Abuse and Neglect?”

2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kcKX2In0B0.

Resources

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